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科技論文翻譯的注意事項有什么?

時間:2019-06-14 16:23:35 作者:


  科技論文翻譯需要做到層次清楚、嚴謹、用詞準確,很多譯員在翻譯的過程中出現失誤而影響到論文的質量,下面圖書翻譯公司給大家說說科技論文翻譯的注意事項有什么?

  The translation of scientific and technological papers needs to be clear, precise and accurate. Many translators make mistakes in the process of translation, which affects the quality of the papers. What are the precautions for translating scientific and technological papers?

  引言:

  Introduction:

  同大部分科技文體的翻譯一樣,引言也是科技論文翻譯的開頭部分。它主要概括介紹該論文的研究范圍,背景概況,研究原意和結論情況。翻譯引言時,由于引言是全文的總結,鮮明的提出文章主題,引言往往被翻譯為被動語態,譯者也需要把引言和摘要的翻譯方法區別開。

  Like most translations of scientific and technological styles, the introduction is also the beginning of the translation of scientific and technological papers. It mainly outlines the research scope, background, purpose and conclusion of the paper. When translating the introduction, because the introduction is the summary of the whole text, and the topic of the article is clearly put forward, the introduction is often translated into the passive voice. The translator also needs to distinguish the translation methods of the introduction from the abstract.

  標題:

  Title:

  標題翻譯的技巧性幾乎成為科技論文翻譯的首要重任??萍颊撐臉祟}翻譯的重要性在于能夠明確的表達主題,利用精煉準確的語言表現文章主要內容。一般情況下,標題的中心詞通常為動名詞或名詞。在翻譯標題的過程中一定要以標題的語法內容結構為重,以此正確并富于技巧性。某些過于簡單或者包含有專業性強的術語,譯者亦可在參透內容之后再譯。

  Skills in title translation have become the most important task in the translation of scientific papers. The importance of translating titles of scientific and technological papers lies in the ability to express themes clearly and to express the main contents of articles in refined and accurate language. Generally, the central word of the title is gerund or noun. In the process of translating titles, we must attach importance to the grammatical content structure of titles so as to be correct and skillful. Some terms are too simple or contain professional terms. Translators can also translate them after referring to the content.

  提要:

  Summary:

  作為科技論文翻譯內容的重要部分,提要往往總結和概括了論文的大部分主要內容。在大部分著名的科技雜志刊物之中,科技論文翻譯的提要都會被印載在論文之上,供讀者參考并以此判斷該篇論文的閱讀價值。提要翻譯要求語言文字精煉,敘述客觀有力。需要譯者注意的是,要想提要突出該篇論文的精華,提要語言翻譯常以句詞緊密的簡單句為重,以符合讀者的閱讀習慣。石家莊翻譯公司推薦閱讀!

  As an important part of the translation of scientific and technological papers, abstracts often summarize and summarize most of the main contents of the papers. In most well-known journals of science and technology, abstracts of translation of scientific and technological papers are printed on the papers for readers to refer to and judge the reading value of the papers. Translation requires refinement of language and writing, and objective and powerful narration. What the translator needs to pay attention to is to highlight the essence of the paper. Language translation is often focused on the tight sentences of the sentence, in order to conform to the readers' reading habits. Shijiazhuang Translation Company recommends reading!

  正文:

  Text:

  科技論文的正文是具體體現文章主題的核心內容。正文應當包括專業性強的實驗內容和實驗結果。譯者應當以不帶任何個人感情色彩的前提下以準確的語言和完整的結構敘述實驗過程。翻譯時應當注意以樸實的語言科學的步驟剖析實驗過程。

  The text of scientific and technological papers is the core content that embodies the theme of the article. The text should include professional experimental contents and results. The translator should describe the experimental process with accurate language and complete structure without any personal feelings. When translating, we should pay attention to the analysis of the experimental process with the simple steps of linguistic science.

  結論:

  Conclusion:

  科技結論翻譯作為翻譯文章的最后總結要點,它突出介紹了科技論文的作文初衷。在科技論文翻譯時,應根據論文結尾部分要表達的具體內容分別“結論”或“結語”作層次標題作為翻譯注意要點。

  As the final summary of translation articles, the translation of scientific and technological conclusions highlights the original intention of scientific and technological papers. In the translation of scientific and technological papers, "conclusion" or "conclusion" should be titled in different levels according to the specific content to be expressed at the end of the paper.

中譯國際翻譯(北京)有限公司
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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