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英漢同聲翻譯的基本規律有哪些?

時間:2020-08-18 14:50:35 作者:


  英漢同聲翻譯適用于大型研討會和國際會議,同聲翻譯員通過專用設備提供即時翻譯,下面翻譯公司小編帶大家了解英漢同聲翻譯的基本規律有哪些?

  English Chinese simultaneous translation is suitable for large-scale seminars and international conferences. Simultaneous translators provide instant translation through special equipment. What are the basic rules of English Chinese simultaneous translation?

  1.順句驅動

  1.Sequential drive

  同聲傳譯時,譯員與講話人的發言幾乎同步進行,所以譯員必須在原有句子順序的基礎上進行口譯,必須順著原有句子結構通過斷句的方法用目標語把源語意思順暢地表達出來。

  In simultaneous interpretation, the interpreter and the speaker speak almost simultaneously, so the interpreter must interpret on the basis of the original sentence order and express the meaning of the source language smoothly with the target language according to the original sentence structure.

  2.酌情調整

  2. Adjust as appropriate

  同聲傳譯時,譯員總是在信息不完全的情況下進行口譯,所以譯員需要不斷調整自己的表達,對誤譯要糾正,要把新內容不斷添加上去。

  In simultaneous interpretation, the interpreter always interprets when the information is not complete. Therefore, the interpreter needs to constantly adjust his own expression, correct the mistranslation and add new contents.

  3.科學預測

  3. Scientific prediction

  中英語言都有一些固定的格式,而語序排列則有差異,但一個長句子不可能等到說完再口譯,這就需要同傳譯員根據兩種語言本身的特點和對會議本身知識的掌握,科學地預測。

  There are some fixed formats in Chinese and English, but there are differences in word order. But a long sentence can not wait until after the interpretation. This requires simultaneous interpreting and scientific prediction based on the characteristics of the two languages and the knowledge of the conference itself.

  4.勿求完美

  4. Don't seek perfection

  勿求完美并非是說不看重同傳質量,而是在同傳實踐的時候,如果一時想不起最佳表達方法,可以使用次佳的表達方法。如果一味追求某個詞的完美表達,就會遺漏內容,得不償失。但在訓練的時候,應該追求完美,不斷提高質量。

  Don't strive for perfection is not to say that we do not value the quality of simultaneous interpreting. But when we practice simultaneous interpreting, we can use the second best expression if we can not remember the best way of expression at the moment. If you blindly pursue the perfect expression of a word, you will miss the content, and the gain is not worth the loss. But in training, we should pursue perfection and constantly improve the quality.

  5.整體等值

  5. Overall equivalence

  整體上兩種語言在信息和情感的傳遞上應該達到基本等值。由于發言速度快、信息量大,遺漏和出錯都有可能,隨后發現的時候再及時糾正和補救,這樣就能夠確保整體信息完整。

  On the whole, the two languages should achieve basic equivalence in the transmission of information and emotion. Due to the high speed of speech and large amount of information, omissions and errors are likely to be found, and then timely correction and remedy can be made when it is found later, so as to ensure the integrity of the overall information.

  以上就是給大家分享英漢同聲翻譯的基本規律,希望可以幫到大家!

  The above is to share with you the basic rules of English Chinese simultaneous translation, hoping to help you!

中譯國際翻譯(北京)有限公司
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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